THE BKB TRAVEL GUIDE “3 DAYS IN STUTTGART”
You will find detailed information for preparing and enjoying your trip to Stuttgart in our guidebook “3 Days in Stuttgart”. Compact, easy to use and informative! A programme for three days, a city plan, special tips and addresses. We show you the highlights, the pleasant districts, take a break with you, and tell stories … just as much as you need for three days!
The travel guide “3 Days in ” is available in german or english language in the BKB Shop or in your bookstore!
The texts and images on our website are to help you get your bearings and plan your trip to Stuttgart. All the information has been carefully checked by the 3-Days-in editorial team and they are continually updated. Nevertheless, it is possible that some details are incomplete or out of date. We are therefore grateful for every correction or addition to our information. Please send your hints to: firstname.lastname@example.org
What started out as a quiet place in a valley basin between woods and vineyards and became a ducal residence in the 15th century is now a dynamic city. It has always been a place where thinkers, poets and engineers came together. The Swabian capital, a city that is full of exciting contrasts with its Baroque palace and art in a glass cube, with Moorish architecture in the Wilhelma zoo and futuristic car museums, with Swan Lake and hip-hop, with a vibrant nightlife and invigorating mineral springs. (fehlt noch etwas)
STROLLING THROUGH THE CITY
STROLLING THROUGH THE CITY
An escalator takes you into the city centre to Stuttgart’s shopping street, which at 1.200 metres is one of Europe’s longest pedestrian zones Laid out in the early 19th century by Friedrich, the first king of Württemberg, Königstrasse with its historic buildings and modern architecture is now the centre of the urban life of Stuttgart. Now we reach one of the city’s most attractive squares, where there is a view of the Neues Schloss. The centrepiece of Schlossplatz is the jubilee column with a statue of Concordia (the goddess of harmony), which was erected in 1841 on the occasion of the silver jubilee marking 25 years of rule by King Wilhelm I. Next to it is a fountain representing a river in Württemberg.(fehlt noch etwas)
THE FINE ARTS SHOW OFF
Right next door lies the eye-catching 27-metre-high glass cube built by the Berlin architects Hascher and Jehle in 2005. It is home to the city art collection, consisting of 15,000 modern and contemporary works, including the world’s largest holdings of works by Otto Dix. If you have the chance, don’t fail to see the museum after dark, when the architecture becomes a sculpture in light and opens up a view through the brightly lit outer shell of glass to the stone core of the building. This makes it possible to read its structure: the intermediate space provides access, while the rooms for special exhibitions are contained in the cube. The permanent collection itself, however – and here lies the architectural master- stroke – can be viewed on an area of 5000 square metres in tunnels below the square in a continually changing arrangement!
TWO TOWERS – ONE LANDMARK
The city’s oldest church (Stiftskirche), whose two towers are not identical but are among the emblems of Stuttgart, is only a few paces from the market place. Originating as a simple village church in the 10th century and subject to many alterations and rebuildings since then, in 1534 it became a Protestant church. In that year the first reforming sermon was preached in Stuttgart, and thus the Reformation was introduced in the Duchy of Württemberg. It is also the burial place for the House of Württemberg, no longer a dark church nave but a modern, bright space with a ceiling consisting of a delicate, folded structure of steel beams and expanses of glass.(fehltwas)
A MARKET PLACE TO REMEMBER
The Art Nouveau architecture of the market hall next to the Stiftskirche is regarded as one of the world’s nest examples of the style. Built in 1914 by Martin Elsaesser with a façade richly deco- rated by turrets, arches, projecting bays and Art Nouveau adornments, inside it is revealed to be a large hall built with reinforced concrete beams and a glass roof. Culinary treats from all over the world are sold here.
ABOUT THE HISTORY & TREASURE OF THE COUNTRY
The place where today the Landesmuseum Württemberg presents its treasures was the centre of power of the first counts and dukes of Württemberg. Constructed in the 10th century as a moated castle to protect the Stuotgarten horse stud, it was later extended with strong defences and made into a showcase complex of four wings in the 16th century. The magnificent Arkadenhof, or arcaded court, used for court ceremonies and for many celebrations and receptions, is among the most impressive examples of Renaissance architecture in Germany.
You can experience some of the atmosphere of this historic site if you pay a visit to the new exhibition “LegendäreMeisterWerke – Kulturgeschichte(n) aus Württemberg” As the name says, this is devoted to cultural masterpieces from Württemberg, a trip through time from the Stone Age to the present. There is lots to explore, from a world-famous, 35,000-year-old lion’s head of mammoth ivory, one of the oldest human artefacts, to the Württemberg crown jewels and the renowned glass collection of Ernesto Wolf!
WHERE THE PRINCES USED TO LIVE
The fact that two palaces stand side by side in Stuttgart is due to Duke Carl Eugen of Württemberg. As he thought the Altes Schloss no longer fitting for his status, when he came to power in 1744 he moved the ducal residence to Ludwigsburg and made construction of a new palace modeled on Versailles a condition for his return.
That’s why in 1746 the foundation stone was laid for the last grand Baroque residence in Germany. Around an almost square court of honor, Leopoldo Matteo Retti designed a three-wing complex that was not completed until 60 years later. An entrance hall with three bays emphasizes the central part, but otherwise the façades are plain, decorated only by sculptures on the balustrades. The lion and stag, the heraldic animals of Württemberg, can be seen at the entry to the court of honor. The palace is still used for impressing visitors, as guests of state are entertained here.
A walk through the 600- year-old park is like a little bit of holiday. In the Oberer Schlossgarten (Upper Palace Garden) you can feed swans and ducks on the Eckensee, a lake with a big fountain, and admire architecture at the same time: there is a view of the semicircular neoclassical columned façade of the opera house, from which a broad flight of steps leads down to the lake. The opera, house known as the Grosses Haus, is the only imposing building in Stuttgart that survived the Second World War.
FINE ARTS ALONG A MILE
Though there may be nicer places for a walk than an urban high- way, to make up for that there is a concentration of culture on an 800-metre section of Konrad-Adenauer-Strasse. Opposite the Staatstheater Stuttgart stands an impressive post-modern ensemble (Staatsgalerie) by the London architects James Stirling, Michael Wilford & Associates. By skillfully integrating new buildings into the existing cultural facilities and taking advantage of the slope, its has decisively changed the look of the Kulturmeile.In 1984 Stirling extended the three wings of the Neoclassical Alte Staatsgalerie with an unconventional U-shaped building that has bright red balustrades and light green window frames and floors. It quotes historic architectural forms from antiquity to modern times, and includes a classic feature of museums, a rotunda at the centre. In 2002 the Musikhochschule with its 60- metre-high circular tower and the Haus der Geschichte were completed. The Kulturmeile terminates in the neoclassical Wilhelmpalais, residence of the last king of Württemberg, Wilhelm II, until his abdication in 1918, and now home to the city library.
STUTTGART AT NIGHT – FIND YOUR PLACE
If you are looking for a cultural activity in the evening, the Staatstheater Stuttgart, the world’s largest three-genre theatre, stages an extensive programme of opera, ballet and plays The world- famous ballet has been a leading troupe since the 1960s and was recently voted ensemble of the year Moreover, with four big orchestras and the Bachakademie, Stuttgart has a great deal to offer fans of classical music
If you would rather go dancing, you’ll find the hotspots of Stuttgart’s nightlife close together in the city centre. The number one party strip is Theodor-Heuss-Strasse near Rotebühlplatz, affectionately called Theo by the locals. Things really buzz here, especially at the weekend, in dozens of bars, clubs, lounges and trendy pubs. The Leonhardsviertel, around the church of that name, has a more down-at-heel charm, as red- light activities go on here between galleries, Jazzclub Bix and the live-entertainment club Kiste. For a cozier atmosphere, try the Bohnenviertel, where atmospheric wine bars and cafés are mixed in with little shops and artists’ studios.
THE STAR SHINES BRIGHT
THE STAR SHINES BRIGHT
The spectacular and shining building in the shape of a double helix with intertwined ribbons of aluminium and glass is visible from far away. With its rounded forms, the Mercedes-Benz-Museum, designed by the UN Studio of Ben van Berkel and Caroline Bos, corresponds to the course and the bends of the Neckar valley, and rises like a pivot on its hill between the factories and the Mercedes-Benz Forum. Inside, the spectacle continues: from the atrium a futuristic lift takes visitors to a height of 34 metres. From here two routes curve down in broad sweeps via a total of nine levels and through approximately 17,000 square metres of exhibition space with 160 vehicles and more than 1500 exhibits. On every level visitors can switch from one route to the other.
STROLLING AND SHOPPING
Whether you like to do your shopping on the street or in a mall, to linger in little lanes or browse through designer boutiques, in Stuttgart you can do it all at once. The 1 .2-kilometre Königstrasse, which runs from the main station past Schlossplatz to the Wilhelmsbau, is Stuttgart’s foremost shoppingstreet. It is a location for big department stores, outlets of well-known fashion chains and more traditional shops. It is worth taking a detour to the Königsbau-Passagen opposite Schlossplatz, where a surface of 25,000 square metres is devoted to international brands, beauty products, unusual accessories and and presents.
For a more historic atmosphere, walk around the little alleys of the Bohnenviertel district, with restored buildings and green court- yards. Beans (in German “Bohnen”), once the staple food of the poor people of the quarter – hence the name – were grown here, but that was long ago. Antique shops, galleries and a creative scene have moved in among the wine bars and cafés of the district.
FAR FROM COURT CEREMONY
FAR FROM COURT CEREMONY
Especially in good weather, it’s well worth making a trip to the south-west of Stuttgart: here Duke Carl Eugen built himself a splendid pleasure palace, “far from the turmoil and disappointments of the world”, with a view of the Württemberg countryside round about and, 13 kilometres away, Ludwigsburg.
The avenue Solitudeallee, which runs dead straight to the duke’s residence in Ludwigsburg, leads up to the palace ensemble. Surrounded by little cavaliers’ houses and buildings for cavaliers and offices in a semi-oval, a magnificent Rococo building rises at the centre. With its tall lower story, circular central pavilion with dome and belvedere, and monumental flights of steps, it is reminiscent of the palace of Sanssouci in Potsdam.
Don’t fail to visit the interior of the palace, which is accessible several times daily on a guided tour. The richly decorated rooms with their frescoes and ceiling paintings show the splendour of bygone days. In the Weisser Saal (White Room) below the dome, in particular, you can understand that for Duke Carl Eugen Schloss Solitude – as the name says – was a place for enjoyment, far from court ceremonies. And you get an especially impressive feeling of the prestigious display of a princely ruler when you step through the tall French windows onto the terrace and admire the sweeping views into the distance.
ALHAMBRA AT THE NECKAR
Zoological gardens can be found in many cities, but few are as beautiful as the Wilhelma in Stuttgart, a blend of flora, fauna and architecture that is found nowhere else. Its origin lies in historic grounds that King Wilhelm I of Württemberg commissioned the architect Karl Ludwig von Zanth to build from 1842 in the then fashionable Moorish style, modeled on the Alhambra in Granada. At first, on account of the mineral springs in the adjoining Rosensteinpark, Wilhelm planned only a bath house with an orangery, hothouses and a theatre, but by 1864 this had expanded into large-scale palace grounds with an extensive park, wells and splashing fountains. Today you can still feel the enchantment of its exotic character when strolling through the Moorish Country House (now used as a hot- house) and the neighbouring pathways to the Moorish Garden The view of the water-lily pond with the façade of the hall for banquets and festivities in the background is one of the prettiest in the Wilhelma . The varied flowers and colours of the water lilies, including the world’s largest kinds, Victoria amazonica and Victoria cruziana, are an equally impressive sight.
THE IDEA OF URBAN LIVING IN BEAUTY
A trip to the Killesberg takes you to a residential estate that revolutionised the construction of housing and is a pinnacle of German architectural history. How can you use new building materials and rational construction methods to make low-cost housing for modern city residents, while at the same time improving the running of the home and living quality, and how can you adapt architecture to people? In 1927, on the occasion of a building exhibition by the city of Stuttgart and the Deutscher Werkbund, this challenge was addressed by 17 architects – including such masters of the art as Walter Gropius, Le Corbusier, Peter Behrens and the brothers Max and Bruno Taut, who were then known only in international avant-garde circles. For this task they had a free hand: they could experiment with new building materials and construction methods, and the only given was the flat roof as a sign of modernity. They were responsible for both the building design and the interior fittings as part of an all encompassing programme. In a construction period of only 21 weeks under the artistic direction of Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, a model estate arose on a terraced slope.
Credits: All pictures BKB Verlag except „Stuttgart – die schwäbische Metropole“: Landesmedienzentrum Baden-Würtemberg; „Hier sind die Menschen das Maß“: Stuttgart Marketing GmbH Waranga; „Hier ist die Kultur einfach spitze“: Stuttgarter Ballett, Foto Ullrich Beuttenmüller; „Hier haben die Autos ihren Platz“: Mercedes-Benz Museum GmbH; loading cargo: fotolia.de/Maria, Foto-ID #95648980; freeway road sign on Autobahn A8, exit S-Degerloch/S-Moehringen: fotolia.de/aldorado, Foto-ID #171413052; Bahnhofs-Uhr am HBF München: fotolia.de/zeitkind, Foto-ID#14245911; „Ein Bummel durch die Stadt“: Stuttgart-Marketing GmbH Christoph Düpper; „Die Inszenierung der KUnst“: Stuttgart-Marketing GmbH; Zwei Türme – ein Wahrzeichen: Stuttgart-Marketing GmbH Achim Mende; Eine Halle für den Markt“: Stuttgart-Marketing GmbH; Geschichten & Schätze des Landes: Landesmuseum Württemberg H. Zwietasch; „Wo die Fürsten wohnen“: oben Landesmedienzentrum Baden-Würtemberg; unten: Stuttgart Marketing GmbH; „Stuttgart am Abend“: Stuttgarter Ballett; unten: Stuttgart Marketing GmbH; „Stuttgart am 2. Tag“, „Ein Tempel für den stern”: Mercedes-Benz Museum GmbH; „Bummeln und Shoppen“: E. Breuninger GmbH & Co.; „Stuttgart am 3. Tag:“ Schloss Solitude, fotolia.de/#68111398, | Urheber: Manuel Schönfeld; „Ein Ausflug ins Barock …“: Staatsanzeiger Verlag; „Eine Alhambra am Neckar: Stuttgart Marketing GmbH.